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The difference between cross cut and vein cut for stone

Feb 09, 2021

We know so many natural stones beautifully enhance any space around us, and it is for sure that the investment will increase the value of your decoration. So when you are slecting those natural stone materials, it's important to not only consider the coloring but also the cut of the slab. 

Natural stones including granite, marble, limestone and sandstone, are mined from the earth in blocks and then sliced into the thinner slabs that you see in our slab warehouse. The unique colors and textures of the natural stone blocks create each slab's individual pattern and character. 

In stone business, we have a saying. In fact, two slabs are the same material, but the processing methods are different. The different processing methods here are the "stone vein cut and Cross cut" we are going to explain as following. 

So what are the vein cut and cross cut stone?

Definition: Generally, cutting the block along the direction of the stone grain is called vein cut and the cutting method perpendicular to the direction of the grain is called cross cut.

In order to make it easier for everyone to understand, we will introduce it with pictures and texts: here we will introduce the typical vein cut and cross cut marbles (sunny yellow and egyptian yellow from Egypt ) in the market.

Sunny yellow and Egyption yellow belong to the same stone material, and they are quarried in Egypt. The texture and color of these two kinds of marbles are similar, but the yellow textures and feelings they exhibit are not the same, that is, the sunny yellow marble has directional lines, while the egyptian yellow marble does not.


As shown in the example above, the pattern of a stone block has 6 sides. If we want to cut out the gold line beige pattern, if we cut from the A side, the knife path will go from the C side to the D side, so that the stone slab cut out has a pattern. It is the "sunny beige" with long stripes. This is also what everyone talks about "cutting the knife from the top of block".

Below is the pictures to show you the different pattern between vein cut and cross cut marble:

vein cut marble.gif

Sunny yellow--vein cut

cross cut marble (1).jpg

Egyptian yellow--Cross cut

vein cut marble.jpg

Vein cut

cross cut marble (2).jpg

Cross cut



So as the conclusion of vein cut and cross cut marble, 

Vein cut—“against the vein”—is when the slab is cut parallel to the natural bedding plane. The mineral veins run either vertically or along the length of the marble slabs. This type of cut showcases lines or layers of compressed sediment in darker or lighter colors with similar hues, rather than distinctly different colors. 

Cross cut—“with the vein”—is when the slab is cut perpendicular to the natural bedding. In other words, it’s sliced at a 90-degree angle from a vein cut slab. The mineral veins and layers of the stone at a cross section create the swirly or cloudy look of marble. This type of cut results in a mixture of darker and lighter shades in the same slab.

Now that you know the difference between vein cut and cross cut marble, you’re ready to search for your favorite! Xiamen Yalitong stone offers more than 50 colors and patterns of marble countertops to choose from, so you’re sure to find something just right for your next project. If you’re unsure which one would look best in your space, consult an interior designer or speak with the professionals at Yalitong stone.